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纤维应用领域
[来源:http://www.hcxtsg.com] [作者:567zx] [日期:19-05-05] [浏览次数:]

纤维应用领域
Fiber Applications
纺织
Spin
纤维是天然或人工合成的细丝状物质.在现代生活中,纤维的应用无处不在,而且其中蕴含的高科技还不少呢。导弹需要防高温,江堤需要防垮塌,水泥需要防开裂,血管和神经需要修补,这些都离不开纤维这个小身材的“神奇小子”。
Fiber is a natural or synthetic filamentous material. In modern life, the application of fiber is everywhere, and there are many high-tech contained in it. Missiles need to prevent high temperatures, riverbanks need to prevent collapse, cement needs to prevent cracking, blood vessels and nerves need to be repaired, all of which are inseparable from the "magic boy" of the small body of fiber.
穿得舒服, 御寒防晒,是我们对衣服的最初要求,如今这个要求已很容易达到。海藻碳纤维做成衣服后,穿着时能长期使人体分子摩擦产生热反应,促进身体血液循环,因此能蓄热保温,而防紫外线辐射的纤维制成衣服便可减少我们夏日撑伞的麻烦。
Comfortable clothes, cold protection and sunscreen are our initial requirements for clothes, which are now easy to meet. After making clothes from seaweed carbon fibers, it can make human molecule friction produce thermal reaction for a long time and promote blood circulation. Therefore, it can store heat and keep warm. When making clothes from ultraviolet radiation-proof fibers, we can reduce the trouble of umbrella support in summer.
不过人们不仅要求穿得暖和,还增加了许多新要求,纤维都能一一满足:过去的年代曾经流行过 “涤盖棉”、“丙盖棉”,面料外涤里棉,是因为棉和肌肤的亲和性好,而涤与丙纶结实耐磨,方便洗涤。新材料有了颠覆性的转变,可以“棉盖涤”、“棉盖丙”,新型的抗菌导湿纤维,织成的面料可以使汗液透过,却不附着,这样汗液便被排到外层的棉布层,衣服贴身面便可随时保持干爽……千变万化,只为了帮我们穿着更舒适。
However, people not only need to wear warm clothes, but also add many new requirements. Fibers can be satisfied one by one: in the past years, polyester cotton and polypropylene cotton were popular. Polyester and polypropylene cotton were used outside the fabric because of the good affinity between cotton and skin, while polyester and polypropylene were strong, wear-resistant and easy to wash. New materials have undergone a subversive transformation, can be "cotton-covered polyester", "cotton-covered polypropylene", "new type of anti-bacterial moisture conductive fibers, woven fabrics can make sweat through, but not adhere, so that sweat will be discharged to the outer layer of cotton cloth, clothes can be kept dry at any time. Variety, just to help us wear more comfortable.
阻燃纤维是在国家“863”计划研究成果基础上开发的一种具有阻燃抗熔滴性能的高技术纤维新材料。该产品采用新一代纤维阻燃技术——溶胶凝胶技术,使无机高分子阻燃剂在粘胶纤维有机大分子中以纳米状态或以互穿网络状态存在,既保证了纤维优良的物理性能,又实现了低烟、无毒、无异味、不熔融滴落等特性。该纤维及纺织品同时具有阻燃、隔热和抗熔滴的效果,其应用性能、安全性能和附加值大大提高,可广泛应用于民用、工业以及军事等领域。
Flame-retardant fiber is a new high-tech fiber material with flame-retardant and melt-drop resistance, which is developed on the basis of the research results of the National 863 Program. The product uses a new generation of fiber flame retardant technology, sol-gel technology, so that inorganic polymer flame retardant in viscose fiber organic macromolecules in the state of nano or interpenetrating network state, not only to ensure that the fiber has excellent physical properties, but also achieved a low smoke, non-toxic, no smell, no melting and dropping characteristics. The fibers and textiles have the effects of flame retardant, heat insulation and melting drop resistance. Their application performance, safety performance and added value are greatly improved. They can be widely used in civil, industrial and military fields.
军事
Military
而纤维更大的作用早已不仅停留在日常穿着了,粘胶基碳纤维帮导弹
And the greater role of fibers has long been not only in daily wear, viscose-based carbon fiber missiles
穿上“防热衣”,可以耐几万度的高温;无机陶瓷纤维耐氧化性好,且化学稳定性高,还有耐腐蚀性和电绝缘性,航空航天、军工领域都用得着;聚酰亚胺纤维可以做高温防火保护服、赛车防燃服、装甲部队的防护服和飞行服;碳纳米管可用作电磁波吸收材料,用于制作隐形材料、电磁屏蔽材料、电磁波辐射污染防护材料和“暗室”(吸波)材料。
Wearing "heat-proof clothing" can withstand tens of thousands of degrees of high temperature; inorganic ceramic fibers have good oxidation resistance, high chemical stability, corrosion resistance and electrical insulation, which are used in aerospace and military fields; polyimide fibers can be used as high temperature fire protection clothing, car fire-proof clothing, armored force protective clothing and flight clothing; carbon nanotubes can be used as electromagnetic wave absorbing materials. In the production of invisible materials, electromagnetic shielding materials, electromagnetic radiation pollution protection materials and "dark room" (absorbing) materials.

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